Bosnian (Balkan) baklava is the midcentury modern of baklavas; its value is its simplicity. Baklava at its core is a strong sweet meal. Done well, one to two pieces will satiate you in one sitting, kind of like the area coffee.
For a dessert with such cult following it’s surprising how many people shy away from making it. It seems incredibly complicated. The layers. The filling... But after you break it down it all comes to walnuts, the dough, and agda.
First we tackle the pronunciation. “Ba-kla-vaaaaah” is wrong. “Ba-klava” is right. Think two syllables, without the long “aaaaah” at the end. Short and sweet. Just like baklava.
Now the walnuts. If you’re so lucky to have a walnut tree, wonderful. Grab a pound and start chopping. If not, store bought walnuts will do beautifully. See if you can find pre-chopped ones to cut down on preparation time. (And remember to take out your coffee grinder.)
While at the store, pick up some phyllo dough that comes in long sheets. I use the Safeway Select phyllo dough sheets, (13x17 inches long, 18 per package). No affiliation - they’re just what my store carries. Feel free to use whichever ones you can find. Phyllo sheets are located in the freezer section. Most people at the store won’t know what you’re looking for, so just search the freezer isles until you find it.
Look for phyllo dough sheets that will fit (or be a little bigger than) the pan in which you’ll be preparing (and then baking) baklava. (I've used a round pan here, but you are more than welcome to use a rectangular one.) You may have to cut some dough off as you're layering it to ensure it fits perfectly into your pan. You’ll need two boxes of phyllo, or about 36 sheets. I highly recommend you get into a habit of buying an extra box. Sheets rip and/ or get stuck together sometimes. Since your entire operation depends on phyllo separating nicely it’s good to have more on hand, just in case. You can always reseal and stick back in the freezer what you don't use up.
Now we come to the third important component of baklava, called agda (“agh-dah” or šerbe, “sher-beh”). Agda is simple syrup made by combining sugar and water over heat. You’ll find that many Balkan desserts are syrup based, so baklava is a great starting point to learn the magic of agda. It’s not complicated at all. Just remember to use the same amount of sugar and water. For a sweeter agda you can use a little less water. However when you're just starting out making baklava, it's best to use 1:1 ratio until you gain more experience. After the mixture comes to a boil, you’ll let it boil for 5 minutes over medium heat.
Another thing about agda to keep in mind is its temperature. Some desserts will require both the agda and dough to be hot during the combining process, while others will require that one is hot and the other cold. Baklava falls into the hot-cold category. Agda will be cold and baklava hot during the combining step. Granted, you won't mess up anything if agda is still a little bit warm. Some very experienced cooks have taught me this.
It's hard to determine how many servings this recipe yields because you don't know how many baklavas people will eat. It also depends on how you cut the baklava, and the size/ shape of the pan. My pan yields about 80-85 baklavas. If everyone eats 2, then I have about 40 servings. Yours will vary.
Things to keep in mind... Always, ALWAYS, always cut baklava before baking. Also, use best judgement when combining agda and baklava. You want to pour agda over baklava, but not to overdo it. Baklava should be extremely well moist, yet not "swimming" in the syrup. It's a balance you'll get a feel for with practice, but try to pay attention to it from your first baklava on. In short, if you've poured most of the agda over baklava, and it looks completely, thoroughly wet, you can stop right there. If you feel you should keep going, then keep going. Whatever you do, you can't make a huge mistake. Baklava will still be yummy, just make notes for the next time regarding your syrup preference.
With this recipe's phyllo dough measurements you'll have 1 (bottom) layer of 6 phyllo sheets, 9 layers of 2 sheets each on top of the bottom layer in between each is a nut mixture, and the top layer consisting of 3 sheets. This means you'll need to divide your nut mixture into ten parts. Instead of measuring 2.1 ounce each time, just grab a generous handful.
I think you’re ready. Yes? Let’s do it. (And for a recipe similar to baklava, check out roses, or how I like to call this dessert, baklava's pretty cousin.)
BAKLAVA RECIPES AROUND THE WEB
As elaborated, Balkan baklava is made with simple syrup. And good simple syrup requires practice. Baklava consists of a delicate phyllo-syrup balance. One overpowers the other and you've got a problem on your hands. You'll recognize a good baklava because you'll see each layer with nuts in between, while top layers will stay crisp and separate.
Perhaps you got the syrup technique down. Or you can even switch between honey and syrup baklava recipes with your eyes closed. Maybe your challenge comes down to volume. There is only a couple of you, and a huge batch of baklava.
Fret no more! I found another recipe for you. This one is by Hilah (how beautiful is her name?) over at hilahcooking. Her baklava is a successful combination of simple syrup and honey over phyllo. Hilah bakes a smaller batch of baklava - perfect if you're taunted by the idea of baklava leftovers.
A couple of things even I learned? Add an orange rind (instead of lemon) into syrup. And to remind you to make sure your nuts aren't salted, whichever ones you're using. (I'm rooting for walnuts, of course!)
Let me hammer this in more. Baklava is a rich dessert. A heavy, hearty dessert. When you want baklava nothing else will do.
But what about those other times? (Times when you just want a bite or two of baklava without having to make it from scratch, or feeling like you ate the heartiest dessert in the world.)
Mandy over at mandyrecipeboxblog has made something I've never heard of before. Something genius. Something that made me say over again "why didn't I think of this?!
Ladies and gents, check out her baklava cookies!
Balkan (Bosnian) Baklava Recipe
Simple syrup (agda):
- 26 ounces sugar
- 3.8 cups water
- 1 lemon cut into rounds
- ½ teaspoon vanilla extract or vanilla sugar
- 5 ounces sugar
- 1 pound walnuts de-shelled, ¾ ground, and ¼ minced finely
- 3 sticks of unsalted butter or 1 and ½ cups
- 2 boxes phyllo dough 36 sheets, 13X17 inches long
- Make the syrup (agda) by combining water and sugar with lemon rounds and vanilla.
- Combine all three and bring to a boil. Boil over medium heat for 5-7 minutes. Remove and let cool.
- Grind about 12 ounces of walnuts. Mince the remaining 4 ounces. Mix the ground and minced walnuts and add 5 ounces sugar. Melt butter over low heat. Leave 3 phyllo sheets aside, and cover with a kitchen towel.
- Heat oven to 360F. Butter the baking pan generously. Layer 6 phyllo pieces in the pan, brushing each with butter before adding the next layer. (If phyllo is larger than pan, cut the sides until it fits in perfectly.)
- Grab a generous handful (about 2 oz) of the nut mixture and sprinkle evenly over the sheets. Layer 2 sheets on top of the mixture, brushing each with butter before adding the next layer. Repeat until you run out of the mixture and phyllo sheets. (Including the bottom layer you should have a total of about 10 layers.)
- Add the 3 phyllo sheets you set aside as the top layer, buttering each layer before adding the next. Wait to butter the top sheet until you cut baklava.
- Carefully cut baklava into vertical strips (about 1.5 inches each). Turn the pan 45 degrees, and again carefully cut into vertical strips, thus creating small diamond shaped baklavas. Now butter that last layer of phyllo. Place on medium rack and bake for 15 minutes or until it blushes.
- Bring the temperature down to 300F and bake for 90 minutes checking baklava frequently. If it blushes too much, cover with foil.
- Take the pan out of the oven, and pour (now cold) syrup/ agda generously over baklava, ensuring that baklava is extremely moist (yet not "swimming" in syrup). Place the lemon rounds evenly in the pan over baklava. Cover with a kitchen towel and leave out overnight so baklava can soak up the syrup.
- Serve the following day.
Baklava can stay in the fridge for several days, although it rarely does. 🙂
For easier cutting, you can place baklava in the fridge for 30 minutes after you layer it (in this case you can butter that last layer right away).
A friend bakes hers at 400°F for a few minutes until it catches color, brings down the temperature to about 360°F and bakes it another 40 minutes. I haven't tried it this way, but if you report back.
The Blonde Chef says
I have always wanted to learn how to make baklava and I am so excited to see your recipe! I will definitely be trying this ASAP!
I can't wait to hear how it turns out, keep me updated!
It looks delicious and pictures are beautiful! I make baklava, using a similar recipe! It is time to make some around the holidays! Thanks for sharing!
Nice! And thanks for the tip on Italian stores for lady fingers - I'll definitely check it out.
Stacey @ Bake.Eat.Repeat. says
Baklava is one of those things that I always think is so fancy there's no way I could make it! You made it look do-able here, so I may have to actually try this!
Stacey - welcome! I bet you could do it, and do it really well - from your blog it's evident you have a great grasp on desserts. The trick is really to take notes during the process and compare it the next time you make it. Even the first baklava looks and tastes very good - but it's the fourth, fifth one you make that will blow your mind.
After months and months of being afraid to try this recipe, I finally did it, and it turned out amazing! Baklava seems so overwhelming but I followed your directions exactly and the recipe turned out perfectly. The only thing I did differently was divide the recipe in half. The phyllo sheets were 13 x 17 so I cut them in half so I had 2 stacks of 13 x 8.5" sheets and used a 13 x 9 pan so everything fit perfectly. And I used a food processor to grind the nuts. I took the entire thing to a Bosnian dinner party and at the end of the night my tray came back to me completely empty 🙂
So glad you finally did it! I was wondering when you'd leave a comment for this one. 🙂
This recipe is a simple one that will give you a very solid baklava. There are other ones I'll be posting up eventually, but this one is my go-to. I can't take the credit it's my mom's recipe, so if you're reading, Thanks Mom!
Hi Aida! I have a question about the syrup. The first time I made this recipe, it turned out perfectly. The second time I made it, it was good, but I think my syrup was too thin so the bottom ended up being soggy while the top was crispy. How thick should the syrup be? I've googled it and it seems to vary...some say it should be slightly thinner than honey but honey is pretty thick...do you have a comparison that I could go by?
Syrup comes down to a matter of preference. I go with the 1:1 water to sugar ratio when I'm making baklava. My mom now makes hers a little more thick and adds less water. So for every 3 cups of sugar she'll add 2 or 2.5 cups of water.
I also sometimes don't use all of the syrup. If I see that baklava is completely covered in syrup, and it's enough, I stop pouring even if there is syrup left.
Some people go by "finger" measurement. They place the sugar into the pot, and then add enough water to cover the sugar, plus more water that's "two finger thickness" above the sugar.
You also might consider placing something heavier on baklava after pouring the syrup on (such as another pan) to even out the absorption.
I hope this helps. Let me know how it turns out.
Hi Naida, I'm new to your site. I've made Baklava many times, but the best one I've tasted was made with Rose Water, and was not super sweet. Do you have a recipe for this? Thanks.
Hi Bunny, welcome!
I don't. I prefer the classic version of baklava, but yours with rose water does sound tasty. If you find the recipe do come back and share.
What does 10 espresso cups of water equal?
27 ounces or 3.4 cups. The recipe has been updated!
I love baklava but never did it myself. Thanks for your recipe I will finally give it a try.
Love the site and the recipes...I can't believe how almost identical our cuisines are (I'm Serbian)!!! I just read the recipe for your Egyptian baklava and I'll try it out for my slava tomorrow.
P.S. One small suggestion - why don't you put the recipe for the Turkish style baklava on your site too?
Hope you had a good slava. Were you happy with how your baklava came out?
It's a Balkan food site, so naturally there are lots of Serbian recipes on the blog. I'm not sure about Egyptian baklava you're talking about (?), the one on here is a typical Bosnian baklava. As far as Turkish, I've never made it before, and the recipes I post here focus mostly on the ex-Yu part of the Balkans as that's the food I'm most familiar with.