Gratifying mushroom and veal sauce: first simmered with tomatoes, peppers and onions, garnished with a drip of heavy cream, and then baked in foil (parchment paper) using a water bath.
One of the main reasons I started blogging was to prevent certain aspects of Balkan cuisine from falling into oblivion.
I like unearthing traditional, original stuff.
I'm aware most people in the English speaking world won't be making my recipes. Most dishes are more time and care intensive than available plethora of 30-minute, 5-ingredients or less recipes going viral on Pinterest.
Balkan cuisine takes time. It's rich. Deep. Flavorful. Creamy.
And a bit heavy for a Western palate.
These are the reasons why you don't see many Balkan food trucks, or restaurants across the US. This naturally doesn't include St. Louis, Chicago, or New York here, aka cities with large Balkan communities.
But it does, surprisingly, include the DC Metro. While known for its large ex-Yu community, there are barely a couple of Balkan restaurants in the area.
One of them is perfect if you want to try traditional dishes. The food will leave you seduced and spent, as if you just had a solid round of love making. But it's happened to me more than once, to arrive there and be unable to order pita (pie), because it was sold out for the day.
This problem has roots in the old country. It happens to me regularly in Sarajevo (at well-known restaurants) that some menu items aren't available. Call me picky, but when I go out for a meal, I want to be able to order from the menu. Especially if it's something as foundational to a cuisine as pitas are to the Balkans.
The other Balkan place in the DMV, sadly, is a fusion restaurant. Food is delicious, but derivative. It's akin to the third generation immigrant's language skills. If you're familiar with the language, in our case cuisine, you'll grasp the meaning behind the dish. But the conjugation of ingredients is all wrong. Except for a few individual items like rakija (brandy), or ajvar (roasted red pepper spread), you won't find the same concoction of dishes in Bosnia, Serbia, Croatia, or elsewhere here.
I want to highlight that we're not talking about taste here, but authenticity.
Admittedly the problem may lie with me. There is a limit to how much "fusion" I can take in a dish. What frustrates me is that most people unfamiliar with Balkan cuisine will consider the dishes evocative or exotic enough to be from the area as the original, thus the real thing.
(I'm equally critical of "burritos" sold in Sarajevo street joints, that except for tortillas have nothing in common with real burritos.)
Unlike what political correctness balderdash would have us believe, it's not the repetitive marketing that makes us accept a new idea. Only when we're confronted with an issue in our own lives can it transform our stance.
As of late, I've been confronted with my own views regarding the right to adjust Balkan cuisine. I can't say I'm all 'fusion'd' out, but I'm far from the traditionalist I once was.
My change came in the form of a new friend.
K from Poland is married to a Bosnian guy, and has lived in Sarajevo for several years. Her style of cooking combines both Polish and Balkan techniques, seasonings, and ways. But she has a difficulty with Bosnians, traditional and stubborn as we are, to accept her slight and, dare I say, successful upgrades to local dishes.
And K knows her food.
She notices differences in cooking even locals would miss if they didn't pay attention. She knows the slight variances between pita in Bosnia and pita in Serbia for example. That you'll find layered pita in a Belgrade bakery before you'll find it in Sarajevo, and that Sarajevo bakeries carry more pita rolls.
Her views helped me accept that just as cultures are malleable, so is their food.
But they can't be changed so much to be unrecognizable either. If you go to far with the changes, the cuisine becomes something else entirely.
K too noticed this the last time she was in Warsaw, when she went to a popular Balkan restaurant. The food had gone so far from its origins, it was only similar in the looks. Pita, to say, was not pita.
It's a Sisyphus's task then, this balancing journey from traditional to contemporary where cuisine is concerned.
Speaking of journeys...
Hajj is a pilgrimage journey Muslims - if financially able - are required to make at least once in their lifetime. It's one of the main five Islam pillars. It was also out of the question for most Bosnian Muslims back in the day.
The trip was expensive, far away, and too complicated. So for the person that made it to Mecca and back, becoming a hadžija was synonymous with being well off, and doing well in life.
Thus, hadžija in today's slang is similar to boss in English slang. Surprisingly, the slang applies across borders. In Serbia for example, someone who visited Jesus' grave in Jerusalem back in the day was also hadžija, as they too had to be "boss" to make the pilgrimage.
Hadžijski ćevap translated is hadžija's ćevap. Although ćevap generally stands for grilled sausages famous in the region, it's also the name of several veal sauces. You'll differentiate them easily as veal sauces are usually preceded with an adjective. So in addition to hadžijski ćevap we also have sauces such as sitni ćevap aka miniature ćevap.
And so it goes that today we're making mushroom veal sauce that's boss. Just by its name, I knew the dish would be fantastic. And also because it comes from Ms. Ifeta's kitchen, of the ground beef dumplings fame.
It's impressive, and overall a light sauce compared to many others. I waited 6 months before finally making this. For the sake of your palate, I hope you don't wait nearly as long!
- 3 tablespoons butter
- 1 tablespoon oil
- 1 yellow onion (large, diced)
- 16 ounces veal (diced into smaller squares)
- 2 bell peppers (diced)
- 10-12 ounces portabello mushrooms (diced)
- 1-2 tomatoes
- 1 teaspoon salt
- ½ teaspoon ground pepper
- ½ teaspoon sugar
- 6 ounces heavy cream
- Foil or parchment paper
- Heat oil and butter in a larger pan. Add onion and stir. When it crystalizes, add veal and stir again. After browning the veal for a couple of minutes, add bell pepper and stir. Wait a few minutes more and follow up with mushrooms, then tomato and spices. Simmer 10ish minutes.
- Heat oven to 490°F (250°C).
- Cut 6 10x10 squares out of foil (or parchment/ baking paper). Place all on a working area and fill equally with the sauce. Add two tablespoons of heavy cream to each. Wrap them up into small bags by lifting the sides up toward the middle first, and then pinching them together on sides (they'll resemble a Hershey Kiss after you're done). (If you're using parchment paper you can tie the bags together with a small amount of rope.) The bags should be completely sealed as to not let anything in or out.
- Place the bags into a deep baking pan. Fill it up with hot water about half the height of the bags. (You're essentially making a water bath.) Bake for 30 minutes. Lower temperature to 390°F (200°C). And bake another 40 minutes. Keep the level of water by adding more hot water if necessary. Turn the pan around at least once during the water bath.
- When ready to serve, give each person a bag (careful, it's hot!) on a plate, and let them open it on their own.
Optionally serve with mashed potatoes.